Signs of depression are pretty similar to any normal signs when you are down, having financial problems, broken heart or the death of loved ones. The different is that with depression the sadness or the anxiety can last for weeks or even months. Another sign is that sometimes you can’t even pin point at to what actually upset you and that everyone and everything seems to have conspired against you.
If any of those above rings a bell and relate to your experience, you should get yourself diagnosed by a psychiatrist who can help you or at least ease the suffering you’re feeling through various depression treatment or medication. Psychiatrist can also uncover hidden problems which may not even known by you.
Just like cancer and most of other disease depression can be cured or treated if diagnosed in early stage. There are many available depression therapies as well as medications that have proven to produce positive results to patients or at least reduce the effect substantially to allow you to lead a normal live .
Medication always has unwanted side effect and some of the best medicine is actually a double edge sword which may proof to be detrimental to your health if taken without professional guidance. Before taking any sort of medication, a psychiatrist will need to fully diagnose you and determine the proper medicine as well as the dosage. You may be suffering from major depression, also known as clinical depression, or chronic depression, also known as dysthymia. These are the most common types, however, there are also other types of depression that can only be identified by a certified professional who will then recommends the best course of action to treat the disease.
Once the depression type and the root cause are identified, there are a wide variety of anti depression medications that can be taken to treat the patient. These medications are usually goes by their drugs name but basically they can be categorized into four major types;
- Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are some of the first antidepressants used to treat depression. They primarily affect the levels of two chemical messengers (neurotransmitters), norepinephrine and serotonin, in the brain. Although these drugs are effective in treating depression, they have more side effects, so they usually aren’t the first drugs used.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are another early form of antidepressant. These drugs are most effective in people with depression who do not respond to other treatments. Substances in certain foods, like cheese, beverages like wine, and medications can interact with an MAOI, so these people taking this medication must adhere to strict dietary restrictions (see below). For this reason these antidepressants also aren’t usually the first drugs used.
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a newer form of antidepressant. These drugs work by altering the amount of a chemical in the brain called serotonin.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are another newer form of antidepressant medicine. They treat depression by increasing availability of the brain chemicals serotonin and norepinephrine.
The latest three are generally much safer since they have fewer side effects compare to the tricyclics base. Sometimes the psychiatrist will prescribe a mix up these depression medications, depending on the needs of the patient. The dosage can also be lowered or increased based on observation on what proved to be the most effective.
Anti-anxiety or sedatives however, should never be mistaken as depression medication. Even though these anti-anxiety drugs are often prescribed along with depression medication, they don’t actually help cure the depression and its only purpose is to help calm the patient making it more receptive to treatment and medication which is why depression medications are still needed to be taken by the depression patient.
As mentioned, some of these medications do have a unpleasant side effect ranging from minor inconvenience such as blurry vision and dry mouth to major problems such as constipation, headaches even insomnia for first time users.
Regardless of the side effect, if you are advised by a certified professional health care then you are in the right hand as oppose to try and mix drugs and hope for the best.